Earlier this month, the government made two major policy announcements that are likely to directly affect your finances.
A much-anticipated National Insurance rise will result in an increased burden on workers including, for the first time, those above State Pension Age.
In addition, the government has suspended the State Pension triple lock, meaning that pensioners will receive a much more modest increase than anticipated.
Read on for everything you need to know about these policy changes.
Health and Social Care Levy will push up National Insurance bills
Despite a clear commitment in their last election manifesto not to raise taxes, the government has unveiled a hike of 1.25 percentage points in National Insurance contributions (NICs) from April 2022. This is to raise additional revenue to fund health and social care.
From April 2022, employees will begin to pay the levy through an increase in their NICs. The increase will also be levied on employers.
This additional contribution will then become a “Health and Social Care Levy” from April 2023 and will appear as a separate deduction on payslips.
According to the Guardian, an individual earning £50,000 can expect to see their NICs rise from £4,852 to £5,357 each tax year, equivalent to a £505 tax increase. If you earn a salary of £100,000, you can expect your annual contributions to rise by £1,131.
The government says that, for the next three years, the tax increase will generate an additional £12 billion a year for health and social care. Of this, they have earmarked £5.4 billion over the period specifically for social care, with another £8.9 billion going on what is termed a “health-based Covid response”.
Once the NHS backlog starts to clear, ministers say that more of the money will go to social care, although how this will happen has not been set out.
Extra money will also be sent from Westminster to Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, which the prime minister said would receive more money than they paid in, as a “union dividend”.
A million working pensioners will pay National Insurance for the first time
In another radical reform, around 1 million working pensioners will pay National Insurance contributions on their earnings from 2023.
Under the current system, taxpayers stop making NICs when they reach 66, the point at which the State Pension kicks in.
It will be the first time that a government has asked pensioners to pay, with contributions starting at a rate of 1.25% in April 2023.
The Telegraph reports that a working pensioner earning £60,000 a year will go from paying nothing to paying £630 a year in National Insurance on top of Income Tax.
The government has proposed a cap on lifetime social care costs
Currently in England, if people have assets worth more than £23,250 then they must pay for their social care and there is no cap on the costs.
Under the new system, anyone with assets below £20,000 will not have to pay anything towards their care. Those with assets from £20,000 to £100,000 and above will have to contribute, on a sliding scale. This depends on contributions from local authorities, which deliver much of social care.
People in this bracket will not contribute more than 20% of their assets each year and, once their assets are worth less than £20,000, they would pay nothing more. However, they might still contribute from any income they receive.
Those with assets above the £100,000 threshold must meet all fees until the value of their assets fall below this amount.
Boris Johnson also announced a lifetime social care “cap” of £86,000, meaning that no individual will be asked to pay more than this sum for care in their lifetime. This new means test system and the £86,000 cap will come into force in October 2023.
Bear in mind that this £86,000 cap will cover only so-called “personal care”, such as help with washing and eating. Living expenses, such as food, rent and energy bills – charges known as “non-personal care” – will not be included.
Dividend Tax is set to rise from April 2022
Alongside the National Insurance rise, Dividend Tax rates will also increase by 1.25 percentage points from April 2022. This change will mostly affect investors and business owners.
If you take home more than £2,000 a year in dividends, you will face a slightly higher bill regardless of your Income Tax band.
For example, if you’re a basic-rate taxpayer receiving £3,000 in dividends, then you will pay Dividend Tax on £1,000. The government’s proposed changes mean that your bill will rise from £75 to £87.50.
Alternatively, if you’re a higher-rate taxpayer taking £10,000 in dividend payments, then you would pay 33.75% on £8,000 of dividends. This would result in a Dividend Tax bill of £2,700, up £100 from the current system.
The government will suspend the State Pension triple lock for one year
In a move designed to save the government around £8 billion a year, work and pensions secretary, Thérèse Coffey, broke a second manifesto commitment by announcing that she was suspending the State Pension triple lock for one year.
She told the House of Commons that sticking to the triple lock – which promises that the State Pension will rise by the highest of inflation, earnings, or 2.5% – would be unfair, given that wages were increasing at a rate of well over 8% a year.
The distortion to national average earnings has been caused by the pandemic, as earnings fell at the start of the first lockdown before rising sharply as the furlough scheme ended. Had the government stuck to its commitment, pensioners would have expected an increase of between 8% and 9%.
Instead, the State Pension will rise more modestly in 2022 – either by 2.5% or price inflation. All eyes will now be on September’s inflation figure (announced in October) to determine how much the State Pension will rise next April.
Get in touch
If you have any questions about how the National Insurance increase, Dividend Tax rise, or triple lock suspension will affect you and your finances, please get in touch.
Email firstname.lastname@example.org or contact your adviser on 020 3828 8100.